Why we sympathize with Victor Frankenstein


Victor Frankenstein is a title character in the novel written by Shelley Mary in the year 1818 (Hoobler, Dorothy, and Thomas Hoobler 22). Victor is a scientist who after indulging himself in the complex study of chemical processes, as well as, the study and decay of living things manages to derive a formula for which he can give life to his own creature. Victor’s creature was referred to as Frankenstein’s creature or simply Frankenstein. This particular paper argues that there is need to react sympathetically to Frankenstein the monster despite the fact that some of his actions were considered immoral or evil.

The literary techniques used by the author Shelly Mary

It is true to state that Shelly, the author of the novel Frankenstein employed the use of a lot of innovative literary techniques that invoke emotional sympathy for the monster. It can be acknowledged that the author creates this sympathy by having the reader pity Frankenstein’s existence that is portrayed in the novel as loathsome, as well as,  making the reader understand why Frankenstein indulged in his cruel actions. The author of the novel makes the reader pity the monster and the way it is treated by the humans and this makes the reader identify with the monster’s experience and feelings, thus, understand why the monster behaved the way it did.

The use of different narrators in the story

The author uses different narrators in the novel, hence, the reader has the ability to sympathize with the views of these different narrators to differing degrees.

The physical appearance of the monster

The language used to describe the physical appearance of the monster, as well as, the feelings the monster has is not only strong but evocative. It is important to note that because of the bad physical appearance of Frankenstein the monster, children in the village shrieked and the women fainted. A majority of the people in the village fled upon seeing him and the men attacked him in groups but without fighting back he would run away from them bruised by stones, as well as, other weapons. If indeed Frankenstein the monster was as bad as the villagers depicted him to be, he would have fought back against the villagers that attacked him. This portray him as a gentle and fearing creature who is only judged and persecuted due to his physical appearance and it adds more to the sympathy.

The setting and the motifs

It is important to note that the motifs and the setting in which the monster is put in the novel clearly portrays the monsters lonely existence which is very sympathetic.

The monster is like a baby

Frankenstein the monster having been created from a laboratory is like a new born child. There is still a lot he needs to learn and that includes understanding and controlling his emotions. He gets to learn this the hard way unlike other children who are cared for and loved, he is rejected and feared. The monster is abandoned and is left alone to discover how the world works.

The language used by Frankenstein the monster

Throughout the work, the reader cannot help but wonder why the monster continuously appears to be in a paranoid state. Frankenstein uses very emotive language and continuously talks negatively about himself especially about his death.


Frankenstein the monster was created by Victor Frankenstein through complex laboratory experiments. However, his hideous looks, all the villagers rejected him and he had to live with the pain of rejection. There is indeed a great need to be sympathetic with the monster.

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